• Immediate Jellinek Family Group Photo, ca. 1904 Left to Right: Max J., Berta Schafer J., Hugo J., Gisela J., Anna J., Siegmund J., Siegfried J., Karl J.
  • LEFT: Photo of Siegmund Jellinek in Cantorial Attire, June 1910

    RIGHT: Reverse side of 1910 photo of Siegmund Jellinek

    Translation of Printed and Handwritten words:

    Art Establishment for modern photography
    Bahn Street
    in its own, separate building

    Mr. and Mrs. Wilhelm Breier
    Head of the [Jewish Community?] Cultural Organization

    Respectfully dedicated
    S Jellinek
    Cantor and Religion Teacher

    June 6, 1910
  • LEFT: Karl Jellinek in Austrian Army Uniform During WWI (unidentified outdoor location and year)

    MIDDLE: Karl Jellinek in WWI, Austrian Army Uniform, inside Photo Studio in Italy, Next to Sign About Sacrificing for Austria

    This photo was probably taken between late 1914 and June 1915.

    The German words which appear on the sign under the portrait of Kaiser [emperor] Franz Joseph I are:

    Mit Bluth im Kampf fürs Vaterland
    Wir opfern Hab und Gut
    Und solles auch verlangen
    Den letzten Tropfen Bluth

    With blood in battle for the Fatherland
    We sacrifice all of our possessions
    And should it demand it
    The last drop of blood.

    TOP-RIGHT: Reverse side of one of the two extant photos of Karl Jellinek in army uniform, in Italian photo studio

    The logo of the C.Righetti photo studio in Trento, Italy and information about the location and all of the studio's services appear in Italian on this reverse side of the photograph.

    BOTTOM-RIGHT: Reverse side of the second photo (photo-postcard) of Karl J. in army uniform in Italian photo studio

    Handwritten in the postcard's right (address) section:
    [N.B. the English translation appears immediately after each German word or line of German words]
    Jellinek Karl
    (volunteer soldier)
    Abiturient (high school graduate who has been accepted into university)

    Handwritten on the left side of postcard back:
    Kriegsfreiw.”'(abbreviation for Kriegsfreiwilliger - volunteer soldier)
    Unterjäger (rifleman rank)
    in 3. Kais. Tirol, ( in the third Kaiser Tirol)
    Rgmt. (abbreviation for Regiment)

    Handwritten upside down along bottom:
    für die Kriegsmatura (for the war exam entitling the successful candidate to proceed
    to the university)
  • Group photo of Hugo Jellinek with his army unit in World War IThis photo was probably taken between late 1914 and early 1917. There is no inscription on the photo's reverse side.

    Hugo is standing at the left end of the 4th (back) row. We see him looking straight ahead with a serious expression, between the soldiers in the 3rd row standing second and third from the left.
  • WWI "Prisoner of War" postcard from Hugo Jellinek in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, to his father, Siegmund Jellinek, in Hollabrunn, AustriaTranslation, transcription & additional information by Wilma Iggers and Esther Bates

    LEFT: Hugo Jellinek, who served as a medic in the Austrian army, appears on the right side of this WWI photo, along with two ambulance drivers.

    However, Hugo wrote and sent this photo-postcard after he was wounded in battle, captured by the Russians, and recovering in a prison hospital in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. See also Hugo Jellinek's biography for more information.

    RIGHT: Reverse side of the photo.

    Transcription of the original, old German, Sütterlin hand-writing:
    Ein Andenken von Eurem Euch innig liebenden Hugo

    English translation:
    A memento from your Hugo, who loves you dearly.

    Across the top of the card:
    "Prisonnier de guerre" is written in French.
    However, evidence that these words were hand-written by someone accustomed to writing in Russian is provided by the crossing out of the loop of the letter "g", to make the letter "d" in the middle word "de" of "Prisonnier de guerre." The Russian Cyrillic alphabet uses the Roman letter "g" for the "d" sound.

    English translation:
    Prisoner of war.

    The word written in the upper right stamp area of the card is the Russian word for "Austria." The absence of a stamp in this space indicates that this postcard was included in a batch mailing or a diplomatic pouch.

    The transcription/translation of the address, which, line by line, is written first in German and then in Russian:

    Herrn S. Jellinek / Mr. S. (referring to Siegmund Jellinek) -- Yellinek

    Hollabrunn (name of town, NW of Vienna) -- Hollabrunk

    N. Oe., (abbreviation for Nieder Österreich) / -- Yuzhnaya Avstriya
    English translation: Lower Austria -- southern [?] Austria
  • Print of Painting of Austrian-Hungarian and German Soldiers Praying on the Eve of Yom Kippur, During WWIThis reproduction of an ink and watercolor wash painting was used as backing material for Karl Jellinek's 1922 Doctor of Law diploma. It had been cut slightly on its right side, to fit underneath the diploma. The print was discovered in 2007, when the diploma was removed from its frame and glass covering in order to photograph it.

    The title of the print, written in Hebrew, is "Kol Nidre" (English: All Vows), the name and opening words of the first prayer that ushers in the service (known also as "Kol Nidre"), on the eve of the Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) holy day.

    The English translation of the German words under the title are:
    In memory of the great world war in 1915 at the Battle of Lemberg.

    The small German words in the lower right corner under the picture are:
    "Gesetzlich geschützt" ("Protected by law").
  • Karl Jellinek at the Opening Ceremony of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, April 1925The formal opening ceremony of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem took place on Mt. Scopus on April 1,1925. Karl Jellinek was present at this historic event, representing the Zionist association he presided over at the time: Der Lese -und Redehalle, jüdischer Hochschüler, in Wien (The Reading and Lecture Hall [Association] of Jewish [University] Students in Vienna).

    Karl was proud to have been present there, among the leaders and representatives of world Jewry. He often said “this day was one of the happiest days of my life.” Karl was glad to point out that he was discernible among the crowd in this photo, because he was standing near the flag-bearer of the Zionist Academic Society of Warsaw, and the photographer’s focus seemed to have included the area of that flag-bearer.

    Karl Jellinek can be identified in the cropped view in the next image, by the blue circle around him.
  • Karl Jellinek at the Opening Ceremony of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, April 1925 (Close-ups)

    LEFT: Close-up of Karl Jellinek from the previous image.

    RIGHT: Close-up of photographer’s insignia and some of ceremony onlookers, seen in the bottom, left-of-center of the full image.

    The top line of the insignia seems to be the photographer’s logo or monogram. “Arushkes” is written in Yiddish on the next line. Zvi Arushkes Oren of “Arushkes Photography, Tel Aviv - Jaffa” created many photographs of significant events in the development of the Jewish community in 1920s Palestine. The last line of this particular photograph's insignia in Hebrew, reads “Tel Aviv,” followed by an abbreviation, which may stand for Arushkes Photography's Tel Aviv studio address of “Allenby [Street] 1.”
  • ABOVE LEFT: March 1929, Group photo of members of the Zionist and Jewish cultural fraternity "Die Lese - und Redehalle jüdischer Hochschüler in Wien" (translated as "The Reading and Lecture Hall [Association] of Jewish [University] Students in Vienna" and hereafter referred to as  the "Halle,") -- at the 70th Semester Commemoration/Celebration of its Founding.
    This Viennese Jewish association was founded in September 1894 under the name of "Jüdische akademische Lesehalle in Wien," but the name was changed in 1899 to the longer name above. The Nazis 'officially' dissolved the "Halle" and expropriated its extensive library starting from the end of August and lasting until mid-September 1938. You can view evidence of these persecutory actions by the Nazi regime and also read more about the history and development of the "Halle" by clicking here to go to the supporting document, "Dissolution by the Nazis of the Reading and Lecture Hall for Jewish University Students in Vienna ‐ August and September 1938."

    Under the "Halle's" official emblem on the back wall of this basement meeting room, hang the photos of the following Zionist leaders: Theodor Herzl, the activist founder of modern political Zionism (on right), Max Simon Nordeau*, co-founder with Theodor Herzl, of the World Zionist Organization, (on left), and Chaim Weizmann**, important Zionist leader and President of the World Zionist Organization at the time of this photo (below).
    * This identification is based on Nordeau's importance as a Zionist and historic photos of him.
    **The identification of Weizmann is based on his significant role in the Zionist movement and examination of the enhanced photo of him in the close-up on the right side of this Image page.

    TOP RIGHT: Close-up view of Dr. Karl Jellinek with two other "Halle" member celebrants. This view can help the viewer locate Karl in the third row of the full group photo, standing a little to the right of center, earnestly facing towards his right, wearing glasses and a tuxedo. We have documentary evidence of Dr. Jellinek's presidency of this organization between 1923 and 1927, but it is likely that he continued to be president until the end of the 1920s and into the early 1930s. He was the group's delegate to the opening ceremony of Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem in 1925. The two preceding photos in the Image section of this website show this April 1925 ceremonial opening, in which Karl can also be discerned among the attendees.

    MIDDLE RIGHT: Close-up of the "Halle's" distinctive emblem, and the framed portrait centered beneath the emblem. This detail of the full group photo has been darkened so that the viewer can see the "Halle's" monogram in the lower right quadrant of the emblem, as well as hints of the framed portrait hanging below the emblem and between the bottom ends of the flag holders. Note the ornamental flourishes beneath and above the "R". The " Rh! " stands for the key word "Redehalle" in the organization's name. The blue and gold-like colors that were in the emblem are approximated in the photo illustration in Dr. Gatscher-Riedl's historical article, now appearing in the bottom portion of the document referenced above: "Dissolution by the Nazis of the Reading and Lecture Hall for Jewish University Students. . . "

    BOTTOM RIGHT: Reverse side of "Die Lese - und Redehalle jüdischer Hochschüler in Wien" Founder's Day group photo.

    The names handwritten on the left side include "Dr. Karl Jellinek," as well as fraternity brothers "Dr. [Joshua] Kohlberg" and [Rabbi] "Heitner," who emigrated to Mandate Palestine from Vienna, and with whom Karl corresponded for many years and met again in Israel in 1972. The words "70th Semester Stiftungsfest der 'Halle' March 1929" (70th semester Foundation Festival of the "Hall") were written by Karl, probably many years later in the USA.
    The Austrian historian, Dr. Gregor Gatscher-Riedl, revealed to this writer, that the "Atelier Rosa" refers to the studio of Rosa Sághi, society photographer at that time, who specialized in sittings under electrical light. Rosa Sághi worked with a lot of Jewish artists, among them, the influential Viennese lyricist and author, Peter Altenberg.
  • LEFT: Photo of Siegmund Jellinek, Oberkantor, Hollabrunn, August 1936Siegmund J. is wearing his cantorial attire and his government medal received for counselling WWI veterans. His expression appears contemplative and somewhat sad.

    RIGHT: Inscription on the reverse side of photo, handwritten by Siegmund J. to Fritz and Regine Diamant

    [the following transcription, translation and explanatory note re: "hochverehrten" and "Frau Gamahlin" were completed with the generous help of Esther Bates and Wilma Iggers]

    Herrn Fritz Diamant
    & seiner, von mir hochver ehrten [sic] Frau Gemahlin Regine
    in varehre[neler?] Freundschaft
    Anlässlish[sic] meines fünfzigjahrigen
    Hochzeit Jubiläum
    Oberkantor S. Jellinek


    To Mr. Fritz Diamant and his wife, Mrs. Regine, for whom I have the very highest regard
    ["Hochverehrten" is an extreme expression of respect or honor. Siegmund's use of "Frau Gemahlin" before the name, Regine, added a still higher degree of respect.]
    dedicated in honored [or "honorable"] friendship
    on the occasion of my fiftieth wedding anniversary.
    [This is a puzzling part of this dedication, because we believe that Siegmund and Berta's 50th wedding anniversary was in 1933, and this photo is captioned by Siegmund as "Hollabrunn, 1936".]
    Chief Cantor, S. Jellinek
  • Extended Jellinek Family Group Photo I, 1933Photo taken in front of Siegmund and Berta Schafer Jellinek's home/synagogue in Hollabrunn, Austria, on the occasion of their 50th Wedding Anniversary.

    [The name "Jellinek" will be represented by "J." in the identification below of the family members in this photo. The names of the progenitors, Siegmund and Berta S. J., as well as their six adult children have been bolded.]

    Top row standing: Anna J. Nadel & Miron Nadel, Karl J., Stella Pollak J. & Max J., Martha Hirschensohn J. & Siegfried J.

    Middle row: Gisela J. Schlesinger, Berta Schafer J. & Siegmund J., Hugo J., Leopold (Poldi) Schlesinger.

    Front row: Gisella Nadja J., Anna J., Erich J., Berta J.
  • Further Extended Jellinek Family Group Photo II, 1933Additional photo taken in front of Siegmund and Berta Schafer Jellinek's home/synagogue in Hollabrunn, Austria, on the occasion of their 50th Wedding Anniversary, and the occasion of Gisella Nadja Jellinek's becoming Bat Mitzvah. Anna Jellinek Nadel's husband, Miron Nadel, was the photographer.

    This photo and the preceding group photo of the more closely-related family members are the last extant Jellinek/Schafer family group photos.

    Please note:
    • The name "Jellinek" will be represented by "J." in the identification below of family members.
    • "[...?]" represents a completely unidentified person, or an unknown maiden or married name.
    • The names of Siegmund and Berta J. and of their six grown children, are in bold type.

    Seated in front row, on area rug on ground: Gisella Nadja J., Anna J., Erich J., Berta J.

    Seated 2nd row: Gisela J. Schlesinger, Berta Schafer J., Siegmund J., Charlotte [...?] (Siegmund J.'s cousin), Eduard J. (Siegmund J.'s brother), Gustav J. (son of Siegmund J.'s sister, Jetti J. and [...?])

    Standing 3rd row: Willy J. (grandson of Siegmund J.'s sister Jetti J./son of Oskar J. and his wife, Berta [...?] J.), Karl J., Anna J. Nadel, Stella Pollak J. (Max J.'s wife), Frieda Schafer Epstein (daughter of Berta S. J.'s brother, Max Schafer, and his wife, Paulina [...?] Schafer), Martha Hirschensohn J. (Siegfried J.'s wife), Artur J. (son of Siegmund's brother, Eduard J. and his wife, Katerina Strebinger J.), Leopold Schlesinger (Gisela J. Schlesinger's husband), Hugo J., Siegfried J., Ignatz J. (son of Siegmund's sister, Jetti J. and [...?])

    Standing 4th row: Elsa [...?] J. (Ignatz J.'s wife), woman with wide-brimmed hat [...?].

    Standing 5th row: Oskar J. (son of Siegmund's sister, Jetti J. and [...?]), Berta [...?] J. (Oskar J.'s wife), Ruth Pollak [...?] (Stella P. J.'s sister), Ilsa [...?] (Siegmund J.'s cousin),
    Max J.

    Standing 6th row: Charlotte [...?] Schafer (wife of Siegfried Schafer, who was Berta Schafer J.'s brother), Siegfried Schafer (Berta Schafer J.'s brother), man at right end of row [...?]
  • Photos of Berta and Anna Jellinek (1934?) posted on <em>Yad Vashem’s Central Database of Shoah Victims’ Names</em> by their sister, Gisella Nadja Jellinek Gal.
    Berta and Anna's photos appear along with Gisella Nadja Jellinek Gal's written testimonies, on this Yad Vashem online database. The reader can access the testimony about Berta by clicking once on her name, typed in blue above, and then clicking a second time on her name in the database Results section that will appear. For the testimony about Anna, please follow the same procedure. For more information on how Gisella Nadja escaped the Nazi genocide, please see Gisella Nadja's brief Biography page.

    It is difficult to date this photo because Berta looks so much younger in this website’s family group photos of 1933, and in her Confirmation photo of 1935, she looks quite a bit older and has a less round face. It is possible that Gisella Nadja made a mistake and this photo is of Anna. If this is indeed Berta, the latter part of 1934 is a best guess for the time that this photo was taken, when Berta would have been twelve years old and living with her paternal grandparents, two sisters and father in OberHollabrunn, (aka Hollabrunn) Austria.

    This appears to have been a studio portrait, posed and lit artificially. However, Anna’s warmly smiling mouth and eyes, her sweetness, innocence and contentment seem quite genuine and sincere. Gisella Nadja inscribed at the bottom “Meine süsse Schwesterl!” (My sweet little sister). The “l” added to “Schwester” gives it the Yiddish diminutive ending. This photo may also have been taken in late 1934, when Anna would have been ten and 1/2 years old, and living together with her two older sisters, Berta and Gisella Nadja, her father and her grandparents in OberHollabrun (aka Hollabrunn).
  • Hugo Jellinek and his Three Young Daughters, June 1935Daughters left to right: Gisella Nadja, Berta, Anna. On occasion of Berta's Confirmation.
    Handwritten inscription on reverse side of photo (not shown): "Andenken an die Confirmation der Bertha -- -- Juni 1935"
    Translation: Memory of Berta's Confirmation -- June 1935.

    This inscription was probably written by Miron Nadel (Hugo's brother-in-law), who was the photographer. Miron Nadel's name and the Mariahilferstrasse address of his Viennese photo studio is stamped to the right of the inscription.
  • Portrait Photo of Siegmund Jellinek, 1937Siegmund J. in his cantorial attire, and wearing the medal he had received from the Austrian government. Hollabrunn, Austria,1937.
    There is a handwritten dedication on the reverse side of this photo written by Siegmund's son, Siegfried J.:
    "Mein geliebtes Vaterl in Alter von 80 jahren. Hollabrunn, 1937. Oberkantor S. Jellinek."
    Translation: My beloved father at 80 years old. Hollabrunn, 1937. Chief cantor, S. Jellinek.
  • Only Extant Envelope Addressed to Nadja Jellinek by her Father, Hugo Jellinek, November 1938.It is interesting to see this example of Hugo's beautiful calligraphic handwriting in modern script, instead of the old German Sütterlin script that he also masterfully used in the body of his letters. We can tell from the "BR" (Brünn) postmark that the letter was posted on the 25th day of a month in 1938. The more completely legible "Rishon LeTsion" postmark reveals that this envelope arrived in Rishon on December 7, 1938. November is therefore most likely the month in which this envelope was posted in Brünn, and the letter inside was most likely Hugo's letter dated November 24, 1938. The Hebrew words "Plugath - Bethar" in the address denote the Betar Zionist youth group to which Nadja belonged. "Frl." is an abbreviation for "Fräulein" (English: young lady, girl, Miss) and "Abs:" is an abbreviation for "Absender" (Sender).
  • Farewell to Mathilde/Manzie in Vienna, January 1939Photograph taken before Karl J., Kreindel/Karla Eckstein J. and infant daughter, Michaela J.'s life-saving departure from Vienna.

    Standing, Left to Right: Clara Anna E. Bertisch (Kreindel/Karla’s older sister), Karl J., Kreindel/Karla E. J.

    Sitting, Mathilde/Manzie Eckstein (Kreindel and Clara’s mother), holding her grandchildren on her lap; Israel Bertisch (Clara's son) on Mathilde’s right side, and Michaela J.(Karl and Kreindel's daughter) on Mathilde's left.
  • LEFT: Portrait Photo of Anna Jellinek, Brünn, Czechoslovakia, February 1939Anna sent this small photo from Brünn to her uncle and aunt, Karl and Karla Jellinek, in New York City. Anna is almost 15 years old here. She is not smiling, but rather her face shows a mix of seriousness, sadness, disillusionment, resignation and strength.

    RIGHT: Inscription Handwritten by Anna in 'modern' German script.

    My dear uncle Karl and dear aunt Karla
    in remembrance of your loyal niece

    Brünn, February 8, 1939
  • LEFT: Portrait Photo of Berta Jellinek, Brünn, Czechoslovakia, February 1939Berta sent this photo from Brünn to her uncle and aunt, Karl and Karla Jellinek, in New York City. This small portrait photo of Berta shows her at about 16 1/2 years old, with an open, wistful and gently smiling expression.

    RIGHT: Inscription hand-written by Berta in old German, [Sütterlin] script.

    Transcription of Berta’s old German script:

    Meinem geliebten Onkel u. Tante und meiner Pl. reizenden Cousine zum Erinnerung von Eurer treuen Nichte Berta.

    My beloved uncle and aunt and my [platterdings - absolutely?] charming cousin
    in memory of your loyal niece

    Brünn, February 21, 1939
  • Nadja Jellinek Among Fellow Betar Members Protesting the British White Paper, Jerusalem, May 1939This photo, officially titled, “Women Protesting Against the White Paper, 18, May 1939,” was photographed by Rudolf Yunes. The photo appears here with the permission of the KKL - JNF (Keren Kayemet LeIsrael - Jewish National Fund) Photo Archives.

    Nadja Jellinek, is the eighth woman in from the right side of the photo, near the photo's center. She is facing forward with a stern and resolute expression. She is wearing a white dress, pinned to which is a badge with the Hebrew word “sadran” (an official appointed to supervise arrangements or to keep order at a large public event).

    The White Paper, which was a Palestine policy paper issued and approved by Neville Chamberlain’s government on May 23, 1939, severely limited immigration into Palestine to a regular quota of 10,000 a year, and a total of 75,000 in the following five years. This policy was adopted at a time when Jews in Central Europe desperately needed to escape from Nazi persecution and murder. In Nadja's letter to her father, Hugo Jellinek, of June 3,1939, Nadja wrote, (referring to the White Paper’s 75,000 immigrant quota for 1939 - 1944):
    “That is such nonsense, we say; in this year alone, that many will come over, but meanwhile we do not talk about it, because we have so much to do...”

    Seventy-four years later, in October 2013, Nadja recalled her two Betar commanding officers (seen marching in front of the women), and the Betar women members with whom she had locked arms and marched.
  • LEFT: Hugo Jellinek & Fritzi Frankel Engagement Photo, August 1939Photograph of Hugo J. and Fritzi Fränkel, hands clasped together, on the day of their engagement in Brünn (Brno), Czechoslovakia.

    RIGHT: Messages to Karl and Kreindel/Karla J., handwritten by Fritzi Fränkel and Hugo J., on the back of their Engagement photo, dated August 20,1939

    Translation of messages: Dear brother and sister!     Brno,   8/20/1939
    On the day of our engagement

    Permit me, with my beloved Hugole [affectionate diminutive form of Hugo’s name] in a hardly accomplished photograph, to introduce myself, and to express the hope that we will soon get to know each other personally, which would give me great pleasure.

    With all my heart
    Your Fritzi

    Dear Karl and dear Karla!

    I hope that you enjoy this picture! Send photos as well!
    Your Hugo
  • Hugo Jellinek and Fritzi Fränkel's Wedding Day, October 1939 - Group Photo IGroup wedding day photo taken on October 22, 1939, in Brno (Brünn). The city was then in the "German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia," formerly western Czechoslovakia.

    The man holding a cane, and seated on the left side of the first row, might be Fritzi's father or Hugo's uncle, Eduard Jellinek. Fritzi and Hugo are seated in the middle of this row. Hugo's youngest daughter, Anna Jellinek, is smiling and standing directly behind and in-between Fritzi and Hugo. A smiling young man stands to Anna's right. Hugo's middle daughter, Berta Jellinek, smiles and stands a little behind and to the young man's right. The young man is likely Heinz Rosenzweig, Fritzi's nephew and Berta and Anna's new cousin.

    The woman wearing the tall dark hat and standing a little in front of and to Berta's right, may be Fritzi's niece, Olga Zwicker Havlova, who survived the Shoah. In a 1965 letter that Olga wrote to Gisella Nadja, she identified herself as Fritzi's niece. Olga's letter, in which she tells of her imprisonment in the Lenzing concentration camp for women and of having known Hugo Jellinek well, will be posted to this website in the future.
  • Hugo Jellinek and Fritzi Fränkel's Wedding Day, October 1939 - Group Photo IIAdditional wedding day group photo taken on October 22, 1939, in Brno (Brünn), then in the "German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia," formerly western Czechoslovakia.

    Seated in the first row are, from left to right: the oldest man seen in the photo, who may be Fritzi's father (or Hugo's uncle, Eduard Jellinek), an (unidentified) woman (who now has the youngest child in the photo on her lap), and Hugo's youngest daughter, Anna Jellinek. Fritzi and Hugo stand directly behind Anna and the unidentified woman. Hugo's middle daughter, Berta Jellinek, is standing and smiling directly behind the oldest man. The hatless, smiling young man (likely Hans Rosenzwieg) standing behind and to Berta's right now has his hand on Berta's collar. The woman wearing the tall dark hat and standing third from left in the second row may be Fritzi's niece, Olga Zwicker Havlova, who survived the Shoah.

    The tragic probability is that almost all of the other people in this group (those identified and those who, sadly, remain unidentified), who came together to celebrate a union of love, were separated and murdered within the following four years by the hate-filled Nazis and their collaborators.
  • Wedding day photos of Fritzi Fränkel and Hugo Jellinek, October 1939The range of facial expressions, especially Fritzi's, in these and in the wedding day group photos, reflects the fact that this wedding occurred fifty-two days after the outbreak of WWII and approximately seven months into the Nazi occupation of Brno. Overall, however, Hugo and Fritzi's love and marriage seem, to this writer, to be a testament to the strength of their resilience and spirit of defiance.
  • Portrait Photo of Berta Jellinek, Brünn, December 1939 It is impossible to reconcile this portrait of seventeen-year-old Berta, whose smiling eyes and lips are so imbued with life and anticipation of life, with her murder at Auschwitz less than three years later. Here, we see a beautiful young woman, looking innocently and engagingly into a studio camera, unaware of the terror and death that lay ahead for her, her sister Anna, her father, Hugo and her new stepmother, Fritzi.

    In the lower right corner of the photo, we see the imprinted logo of the Czech STOKLAS [photo] STUDIO, 16, BRNO,

    On the reverse side of the photo, we see that Berta addressed it to "Mr. Dr. Karl Jellinek, New York" Berta's inscription can be translated as:
    My dear aunt and dear uncle,
    A heartfelt remembrance of your grateful niece
    Brünn, [Brno, Czechoslovakia] December 24, 1939.

    Berta may have written "your grateful niece" because of kindness and generosity shown to her by Karl and Karla Jellinek between 1930 and 1939 when she and they were living in Vienna and Hollobrunn, Austria. Her gratitude might also have been related to her anticipation of an affidavit that she hoped to obtain from Karl and Karla.
  • Max Jellinek, Refugee in Shanghai, 1939 - 1946The above photos, shot during Max's nearly eight years in exile in Shanghai, China, contrast with Max's Biography page photo, shot in pre-Nazi Vienna, in which he appears self-confident and debonair. After reading of Max's hardships in Shanghai, in his letters of April 23, 1939 and May 16, 1939, one can well understand Max's loss of weight and much older appearance in these three photos.

    LOWER CENTER: In Rickshaw

    Whoever snapped this photo caught Max' with his brow wrinkled in seeming worry, doubt or displeasure. But Max's discomfort was perhaps exacerbated by the strong noon-time sun, or by his feeling sick, or by his difficulty communicating with the rick-shaw driver. Signs identifying the Tongliyuan Restaurant can be seen on the other side of the street.

    UPPER LEFT: Smiling in the middle of the road

    Max is posing for this photo, standing and warmly smiling in the middle of a wide road with a bicylist but no cars, in an area of Shanghai with local Chinese people and foreigners.

    UPPER RIGHT: Group Photo of Staff of BERCO Sausage Factory

    Max's smiling face and tie can be seen in the back row. The German sign, situated above the workers' heads, identifies the building as the BERCO Sausage Factory. The Chinese characters in the vertical sign to the right of the German sign, give the name of the company as Peiyage Lachang Suo, which translates similarly, to BERCO Sausage Institute/Factory. Judging from his dress, Max must have worked in the office of this factory, performing one of the jobs he secured before his last Shanghai job as a radio announcer and reporter.
    The three Chinese characters on the separate building wall to the right translate as Fabric Dyeing Shop.

    Many thanks to Haverford College Professor, Shizhe Huang, who very generously translated the Chinese characters and added more historical information about them than I could include here.
  • LEFT: Siegfried Jellinek seated next to his wife, Martha, and their two year-old son, Erich, Vienna, September 1926Siegfried appears posed, but relaxed and somewhat detached in this studio portrait.

    The handwritten text on the reverse side of this photo reads, in German: Meinem geliebten Bruder Hugo!

    Aufgenommen 15 / IX. 1926

    My beloved brother Hugo!

    Photographed September 15, 1926

    There is also a stamp of the Henk Studio, which includes the names of the photo studio's branches in the small municipalities of Stockerau and Retz in the Hollabrunn District of Lower Austria.

    TOP-RIGHT: Siegfried Jellinek Portrait Photo, Lwów, January 1941

    This photo is only one and three-sixteenths inches high, and one and five-eighths inches wide. But this photo reveals, in a searingly powerful way, Siegfried's disillusionment, grief, suffering, aloneness and dignity. This is the only photo we have of a Jellinek family member taken after the person's understanding that there would be no escape, and while the deportations and horrific conditions leading to his or her death were in process.

    In addition, the contrast between Siegfried's expression and clothing here and in his 1926 family portrait [left] speaks tragic volumes about the destruction that the Nazis and their collaborators wrought.

    BOTTOM-RIGHT: Inscription on Reverse Side of Siegfried Jellinek’s 1941 portrait photo

    The January 10, 1941 date and the green ink used in this photo inscription tell us that Siegfried must have enclosed this photo in his January 18, 1941 letter to Karl Jellinek.

    The English translation of Siegfried’s handwritten words:

    Photographed in Lwów on January 10, 1941

    My dear brother Garlo [Karl's familial nickname] from his loyal brother Friedl [Siegfried's familial nickname].
  • wordpress slider pluginIt seems remarkable that Erich appears to be unscarred and smiling in a warm, relaxed and confident manner, when one considers that this studio portrait photo could only have been taken after a maximum of thirteen months since the end of Erich’s traumatic imprisonment in Auschwitz-Birkenau (1942 - 45), and four years since Erich’s deportation, at age 17, from Vienna to Auschwitz, and his witnessing his mother’s murder. [Read more about this in the Biography of Erich’s father, Siegfried Jellinek.] The original photo was found among Karl Jellinek’s saved letters, photos and documents, thirty-three years after Karl’s death in New York City in 1977.

    RIGHT: Reverse side of portrait photo: “ZUKUNFT” acrostic poem by Erich Jellinek, dedicated to Karl and Karla Jellinek and dated Vienna, March 7, 1946

    In this poem, Erich displays more of the remarkable positive and resilient spirit manifest in his photo, but here, we can also see signs of doubt and ambiguity. Unfortunately, we cannot know who the "You" was, that Erich believed in.

    The first lettters of each line of the original poem spell the German word “ZUKUNFT,” which means “Future.”
    The following English translation is by Anne L. Fox:

    Dreams of the future gently hover over me
    Uncertain yet, what they decide for me.
    No one knows yet what I will miss
    And how fate will take me in its arms.
    Hope is the only thing that no one can take from me.
    If I follow my instinct, then I know for sure that
    In spite of the gods, my belief is only in You.
    As the past tore my belief in God from me.

    This is dedicated to you from your loyal nephew and cousin Erich

    “Wien, 7. III. 1946"
    [Vienna, March 7, 1946] is hand-written in the lower left corner.

    The letters and digits: “W. Oesterreichische [incompletely imprinted] Zensurstelle 285” appear inside the purple circle stamped in this same left corner. This was the stamp of the Austrian censorship office. The “W.” probably stands for “Wien” [Vienna]. “285” may have identified the particular censorship agent.
  • "From Deep Inside the Darkness" Drawings by Paulette Jellinek, 2002The two portrait drawings shown above, are part of a group of seven, larger than life drawings that I created while thinking about my grandmother, Mathilde Nanzie Eckstein’s last days and moments before her murder by the Nazis in 1942. I thought about what expression might have been on Mathilde’s and other womens’ faces, reflecting or hiding what was in their hearts and minds as they walked to their deaths.
    I worked the charcoal, mixed, scraped and scratched translucent wax with the charcoal. Gradually, expressions or intimations of inner strength and dignity emerged. They conveyed something between philosophical resignation, transcendent wisdom and inner peace, as well as anger, accusation and deep sorrow.
  • "From Deep Inside the Darkness" Drawings by Paulette Jellinek, 2002The three portrait drawings shown above are also part of the group of eight drawings titled, From Deep Inside the Darkness. Two other drawings in this group are shown on the preceding Image page, along with a brief statement about my creative process for all seven of these art works and memorial tributes.
  • wordpress slider pluginMedia: oil, and collage of fragmented photocopies of Kreindel/Caroline Jellinek's passport out of the "Deutsches Reich", Kreindel/Caroline’s "Heimatschein" (Certificate of Origin), war-time letters, as well as mylar on canvas; approx.17" x 30.5".
    (A detail of this painting also appears in the set of 6 images on the homepage of this website.)
  • "Brave Unwilling Martyrs - Only A Few Survived." Painting by Paulette Jellinek, 2010Mixed-media collage consisting of fragmented, altered photocopies of a 1933 Jellinek family group photo and of three family Shoah letters; as well as Asian papers, hand-dyed with acrylic and watercolor paint; 14" x 16.75".
  • "Why Were we Ripped Apart?" Collage by Paulette Jellinek, 2019. Mixed paper media, 16" x 20"The title of this collage comes from Gisela Jellinek Schlesinger’s letter of March - May 1939 in which she implored: “Why were we ripped apart? This disaster can never be undone.” I aimed to achieve — chiefly through the use of visual form — an inkling of the feeling of the chaotic and destructive forces that tragically wrested apart the Jellinek and Eckstein families. Examples of my use of visual form include a disjointed composition, torn, irregular, fragmented shapes, and the juxtaposition of strong contrasts of dark and light.

    There is also the effect of the content, which consists of historic family photos and documents, most of which have already been translated, identified and contextualized in the Image and Documents sections of this website. Several generations of the Jellinek and Eckstein families are represented, including members who managed to escape and thus survive the Shoah, as well as those who were murdered or died as a result of the conditions in their displaced settings. The collage also contains details of family letters, the one extant envelope, as well as a Nazi-isssued passport and two deportation documents.